The Perception of Same-sex Marriage in Hungarian Society
Marriage between same-sex couples is supported by 36% and opposed by 56% of the Hungarian population, according to the most recent representative survey conducted by Budapest Pride and Integrity Lab. Adoption rights are much more widely supported – 46% of respondents would not exclude same-sex couples of adoption opportunities. 60% of the society shares the opinion that gay, lesbian and bisexual people should have the same rights as everyone else.
More Support Among Women and Graduates
Nearly 40% of Hungarian women support equal marriage, as opposed to men, where only one-third vouched for the same. Next to women, correspondents who have obtained higher education showed above-average support – 43% of graduates would welcome marriage between same-sex couples. Contrary to international trends, however, the youngest age groups did not stand by the marriage between same-sex couples to an overwhelming degree, and unlike previous results, people living in the capital city Budapest did not gain the title of the most supportive community.
Religion Is the Greatest Polarizing Factor
By far the highest percentage of respondents against same-sex marriage – 75% – was seen among those who consider themselves religious according to the teachings of the Church. The not knowingly religious proved to be the most supportive group – 47% support the cause; but equally as many are against it. Opposition rates were revealed to be much lower in religious groups not following the Church. In conclusion, the cause for the difference in support is not being religious in itself, but rather religiousness in line with the rules of the respective church.
Clear Divide Between Right- and Left-wing
An obvious difference was found between right-wing and left-wing liberal supporters – while the former are largely against the marriage of same-sex couples, the latter show more support. The highest opposition rate (71%) was measured among voters of Fidesz, the ruling right-wing party. Voters of the liberal parties Együtt, Párbeszéd, Liberálisok, as well as Lehet Más a Politika (LMP) and Demokratikus Koalíció (DK) would support equal marriage with an absolute majority, while the topic seemed more divisive for voters of the left-wing party Magyar Szocialista Párt (MSZP).
Marriage Between Same-sex Couples Is About Love and Devotion, Not Political Resolution
According to the research, respondents decisively regard the support of equal marriage as a non-political movement. Only 13% of respondents named political resolution as the main motivation for the cause. In contrast, two-thirds of Hungarians are of the opinion that same-sex couples want to get married as a show of their mutual love and devotion.
Society is Less Traditional Than Right-wing Parties Say
The results fundamentally refute the most common Hungarian social concept of marriage, which is rooted mainly in conservative views. An overwhelming majority of respondents, 80%, find no fault in a couple living together without being married, and two-thirds do not agree that couples must get married if they are planning to have children. 60% of respondents deny that marriage between same-sex couples would pose a threat to Hungarian families and children – an argument often heard from the opposing side.
A Quarter of the Hungarian Population Knows or Is Friends with an LGB Person
Close to 26% of respondents mentioned having lesbian, gay or bisexual people among their acquaintances, which is a definite increase compared to previous research results. 46% of this group stands by same-sex marriage, which is a whopping 10% more than the support rate among the population as a whole. This proves the correlation between personally knowing LGBTQ people and being more supportive towards the topic of marriage or other subjects concerning equal rights and the extension of rights.
Discrimination Is a Real and Constant Issue, According to Majority
An absolute majority of respondents think that today, gay, lesbian and bisexual people are targeted by discrimination on a regular basis – every second person surveyed agreed with this statement. However, in the case of one sixth of the population, even though they believe LGB people suffer constant discrimination, they do not support equal rights for same-sex couples.